More and more military analysts and members of Congress now say it is time for the United States to reconsider its policy of “strategic ambiguity” for Taiwan`s defense, which for decades, despite official diplomatic relations, has supported billions of dollars in arms sales. On the basis of a security relationship of more than half a century and closer cooperation over the past decade, it is essential that Taiwan and Washington work together to find new and innovative approaches to Taiwan`s defence transformation, to deal with the mix of cross-border rapprochement and Chinese military expansion, and to jointly address transnational and non-traditional security threats. In the end, the heart of any security guarantee is not the legal obligation, but the political will. From a legal point of view, Taiwan has no U.S. security guarantee of iron against an attack from China, but this also applies to almost all others, including NATO. Whether the United States will come to defend Taiwan or another country depends largely on issues of diplomacy, military fact and political will. I hope taiwan`s new president will understand that. The Taiwan Relations Act and the Six Insurance Companies have thus provided Washington and Taiwan with a deep foundation to maintain bilateral security relations after the end of diplomatic and allied relations. Although the U.S. government continued its security assistance in Taiwan through a network of informal agreements, the nature and quality of the relationship suffered a serious setback. Since then, the Taiwanese army has suffered from great isolation and has suffered not only from political dialogues and consultations, but also from the exchanges necessary to promote military thought and knowledge. In general, the security relationship was limited only to public defence contracts. From the early 1980s to the mid-1990s, the annual Hwa-Mei Arms conferences became the most important – and perhaps the only – opportunity for a high-level military exchange.

For the purposes of Articles II and V, the terms “territory” and “territories” apply to the Republic of China, Taiwan and the Pescadores; and with respect to the United States of America, the Western Pacific Islands under their jurisdiction. The provisions of Articles II and V apply to other areas that can be defined by mutual agreement. In 1978, China saw itself as a “single front” with the United States, Japan and Western Europe against the Soviets, establishing diplomatic relations with the United States in 1979, supporting U.S. operations in communist Afghanistan and mounting a punitive expedition against Vietnam, America`s main adversary in Southeast Asia. In return, the United States rescinded its mutual defense agreement with the Republic of China (ROC) on Taiwan.